Midges (Chironomidae) are the most wide spread and numerous insects resembling mosquitoes. Adult Midges are commonly observed flying in swarms or “clouds”, or are seen resting on fences, walls, under eaves and in protected areas such as porches and entryways. Individual adults will live about seven days depending upon the species and weather conditions. The larvae develop in sources having extensive areas of standing water.
Dixid Midges (Dixidae) are common around moist areas where vegetation is abundant and may be seen swarming at dusk along the edges of streams and lakes. The adults are short lived, usually being active less than a week. The larvae are found in slow moving water, at the surface, and swim in a characteristic “U” shape.
Crane Flies (Tipulidae) are delicate insects varying in size from 1/4 inch to as large as 1 1/2 inches in length. The largest crane flies are sometimes called “daddy-long-legs”, “gully nippers”, or “mosquito hawks”. They do not bite people and they do not eat mosquitoes. Some species of crane flies emerge from aquatic sources and others from terrestrial or decaying vegetation sources.
Winter Crane Flies
Winter Crane Flies (Trichoceridae) are often quite abundant during winter and spring in Napa County. They so closely resemble mosquitoes that they are frequently mistaken for them and are reported to the District. Their larvae are found in roots, fungi, decaying vegetation, rotting leaves, manure, and other vegetative material. The adults are readily attracted to lights.
Owl Midges (Psychodidae) are small hairy flies that can move about very nimbly, but are weak fliers. The larvae are aquatic or semi aquatic and are very common in sewers and drains. The larvae are able to live in soapy water and are a good indicator of a leak in a shower/bath, sink, or laundry drain.
Wood Gnats (Anisopodidae) larvae are found in or near decaying vegetation, fermenting sap, animal manure, tree trunks, mud and sometimes sewage. Adults are found on foliage in or near damp places, and can be found near flowing sap. They are sometimes seen in small swarms.
There are instances when a homeowner calls to report problems with mosquitoes and what appears to be a mosquito is actually another type of insect. The most commonly encountered look-a-likes are midges (gnats). These insects frequently form swarms and are also attracted to lights in large numbers. These insects do not bite but can still be very annoying. For information on the biology and identification of insects that look like mosquitoes see the diagram below.
- Uses its proboscis to bite (needle-like piercing mouthparts).
- Wings are longer than body.
- Always develops in water.
- May carry diseases.
- Rests on objects with its body not touching the surface.
- Cannot bite (has no proboscis).
- Wings are shorter than body.
- Develops in mud on the bottom of lakes and ponds.
- Do not carry diseases.
- Rests on objects with its body usually touching the surface.